and Found - Plan B N°26 - October 2007
LOST AND FOUND
Words Frances Morgan
Photography Simon Fernandez
" For better or for worse, when you put on one of
my records, you're getting me, " says Robert Wyatt.
Plan B was only too happy to spend an afternoon
in the company of the reluctantly iconic songwriter -
and his bewilderingly beautiful new album, Comicopera
"About 10 minutes ago I said,
you've probably got some questions," says Robert Wyatt.
"And then I kept talking. Look, go through your questions.
Eat. Eat and drink and smoke, "he urges, proffering
a light and some cake. "Otherwise, life, you know,
just dries up..."
I'm fine with the latter three. Cup of tea,
Drum Mild, a Danish pastry with custard in it. I'm fine
sitting in a light front room full of stuff - instruments,
records, pictures - and talking about Cecil Taylor and William
Parker. Maybe we could just do that. I could do that all
day, probably. It's what I do a lot anyway. Talk, smoke,
listen, talk some more; the outside world driving around
doing whatever it is it does on the other side of the curtains.
But the room I'm in belongs to Robert Wyatt, and I'm here
to talk to him about his new album, Comicopera. I've
travelled to Louth, in Lincolnshire, by train and replacement
bus and a drive through big-skied cloud-blown countryside
with Wyatt's wife, artist and writer Alfreda Benge, who
says right away she's glad that photographer Simon Fernandez
and I are smokers. This is a relief to me too because, throughout
the journey, I've veered between making conscientious, illegible
notes, gazing camera-eyed at an unfamiliar part of England,
and getting nervous to the point of missing I'd wished the
train this morning, and I could do with a fag. I don't think
the weight of expectation has ever sat upon my head with
quite such ominous heft as it has today.
Of course, the expectation budges as soon as I'm welcomed
into Wyatls room, greeted with an enormous smile and the
offer of a cuppa from an instantly recognisable voice -
a voice that, when singing, seems full of quiet concern
for or knowledge of its listeners.
To be honest, that weight of expectation dissipates whenever
I actually hear Wyatt's music, which is why I'm here in
the first place. From the playful art rock of his early
bands Soft Machine and Matching Mole, through 1974's revelatory,
harrowing solo album Rock Bottom and the early Eighties
singles that further defined his sweet, weird, drifting,
impressionistic, committed and heartfelt free-pop, to the
meditative and eclectic Shleep of 1997, and beyond,
Robert's Wyatt's music asks a lot of the listener, but does
not demand. Rather, it suggests, via dreamlike timbres,
open chords, gentle percussion and an almost unbearable
emotional honesty, nothing less than the map of a human
spirit, sketched out in sound. But what that means is, its
music that means so much to so many people, in a quiet private
way that they hold close to themselves. I'm one of those
people, too, so I don't want to let us down.
So I gesture at my notes.
Yeah, I wrote some questions. I find asking them quite difficult.
"Just give it a go. I'm on your side, do you know what
I mean ? Its your gig now. I've done my gig, I've made my
All right, we'll talk about the record to start with.
Tell me some stuff.
"Playing it back I realised that I do play very loud
cymbals all the time..." Wyatt reflects, referring
to the ripply, brittle scatters of cymbal that have punctuated
his percussion since his early days as a jazz drummer "I
won't abandon what I do just to be fashionable, so I keep
going 'Tssh! Tssh ! Tssh !'. I feel a bit embarrassed sometimes
that I'm drowning out all these wonderful musicians with
my splashy cymbal noises."
That wasn't the first thing I would have noticed about
"Thank you. But I just listen to it and get so embarrassed.
It's like old people who get hairs growing out of their
faces in weird places and you're having a conversation with
them and thinking, 'Fucking hell, he's got a black hair
growing out of his nose'...But no, it's just weird stuff,
" he laughs, describing the record's mood, or possibly
his own on listening to it: "'I'm lost, I'm somewhere.
But wherever that is, that's here' . The first track does
it on this record. Thank you, Anja Garbarek, for writing
Comicopera's opener, 'StayTuned', is a slowburning,
beautifully simple tilt between uncertainty and surety.
The questioning verses - "In between, lost in noise,
somewhere, somewhere, somewhere" - settle into
encouragement and resolution, steady bass bolstered by trombone
and trumpet: "Don't start searching, I'll get back
You mean that state of not really being sure where you
are, but being OK with that?
"Yeah, thank you for saying that. You've pinned it
That sense of drift in your music is one of the things
I like most about it.
"My physical response to what I'm doing is... Once
I start making noise it's a bit like jumping into water
and sometimes I'm in a pond, which I would call a pop song,
and sometimes I think, 'Oh fucking hell, this isn't a pond,
this is the ocean'. I'm somewhere bigger than a pond, and
it gets a bit more scary."
Is that something that you can't really plan?
"You cannot plan it. If you do, you're being a cynical
media bastard and it will always show up."
SIGNPOSTS TO SOMEWHERE
In a roundabout way, this is how we talk about Comicopera,
an album that's both immediate and a bit unfathomable, like
all Wyatt's records. It is an album in three discrete parts,
'acts', but I'd argue you could listen to it without knowing
that. You would, however, notice how it deepens and changes:
locationally, from domestic/internal to a confusing but
familiar outside, to - suddenly and devastatingly - a world
beset by conflict and chaos and thence back inside again
into a rich, almost desperate imagination. Sonically, you'll
hear the familiar washes of plangent chord and lilting,
patchworked songwriting pick up speed into quirky, rhythmic
energy, into an electronically charged, almost apocalyptic
peak with the devastating, Enoenhanced 'Out Of The Blue'.
The album's final section knits together songs in Italian
and Spanish with loose, multicoloured arrangements of free
jazz vibraphone, minimalist synth, distant trumpet, and
all around a spaciousness that recalls, if anything, bands
of the Brazilian Tropicalia movement, whose psychedelic
bossa nova whimsy masked deeper metaphysical concerns and
a wry, committed criticism of the status quo.
But at every signpost, there's a derailment or a surprise:
with Wyatt, consistent as his vocal presence remains, the
unexpected is, you feel, central to every song'Just As You
Are', at first listen a soft love song, taps into the compromises,
co-dependency and insecurity present in every relationship.
The loping, lush 'Beautiful War', turns around and strangles
you when the subject matter comes clear: its airiness is
the methodical efficiency of a bomber destroying an anonymous
settlement far below, safe in his cloudless sky. The stately,
waltz-like 'Cancon de Julieta' fragments into the call-and-answer
swoops of Chucho Merchan's bass violin and a weird noise
undertow that befits its setting of Garcia Lorca's words.
Wyatts previous album, 2003's Cuckooland, navigated
a similar journey between familiar and alien; internal and
political-like Comicopera, songs gently whisked you
from wry ontological questioning to cinematic evocations
of 'Old Europe', from drifting, legato laments to jazzy
scuttle. Comicopera is wider in frame, somehow; delirious
with ideas, but with a settled assuredness of vision. How
did it all come together? Did the structure come before
or after the songs?
"It came out of the process. Things separate into chunks
of preoccupation. I'm sort of floating about all the time,
and it's quite disparate and quite chaotic. And then when
I've got an hour and a half's worth I gather it together,
then I sort it out in terms of what state of mind I was
in when I wrote this song or that song, or nicked somebody
else's song, or stopped singing altogether and let someone
else play their instrument. Because I get bored, you know,
of my voice sometimes. Anyway, then you sort it all out,
and in this case it fell into three sort of categories,
"I'm on an animal level, using instinct most of the
time, which is what I like most. But let's sort it out,
help the listener here a bit. Cut it up a bit. This is one
train of thought, that's another. It turned out it took
three trains of thought".
It's a weird listen. You start off feeling quite safe
but then as it goes on it starts to become a much darker
record. It's quite disorientating.
"It's just that, having got past 60, I've done all
the business of trying to tailor things to what people can
digest. You get quite selfish at this age. You just think,
'I've got one last go, possibly, so I'm just going to throw
it out the way it happens'.
"What I do remember is that youth always anticipates
death as quite a dramatic, black and white thing. They romanticise
it, and simplify it and cut it down. But it's a weirder
and stranger journey. You start off, and you know roughly
what's going on. Even if it's strange for you it's marked
out. You become a teenager and think, 'OK, there's sex'.
Then you get a job, and you think, that's adulthood and
you've got there, to a sort of plateau. But then
you could have another 20, 30, 40, 50 years of 'what then
?' Then you're in danger and in the wilderness, much more
than teenagers ever understand about wilderness - they fantasise
about 'weird', but they have no idea what weird really is.
Weird is really fucking weird.
"When you're 50, life is just as unknown to you and
unliveable, difficult and strange, as it is for a 12 year
old. But then, I say all that stuff which sounds really
pretentious, but all I've tried to do is make a really nice
record. I've tried to string nice notes together. And if
somebody's got any patience they will hear them. I don't
put the beats in to help, I just say 'Look, the notes are
there, believe me. Trust me, I've got a beard. How can you
not trust me?'"
I don't know if I trust beards...
"No, well, I would never play a record with a person
with a beard on the front, other than myself. This is why
Alfie never, ever does album covers with me on the front,
because it would put everybody right off."
Ever since I first heard it, I've found your music very
comforting, even when it sounds unsure or sad or critical.
But with this new album I feel more than ever this sense
of you looking at the awfulness of things.
"If it's a bit distressing where I go, hang on in there
because it's quite friendly in the end. I've just tried
not to avoid the nastiness, but say that although the nastiness
is unbelievable, it's not unbearable. That's what I hope.
I would hope that in the end it would be some kind of comfort
because god, there's just so much pain. But you've got to
dig a bit deeper, not to come on all serious, but just to
provide any comfort at all. Beyond the immediate comforts
of orgasm and getting pissed and loud music and stuff. Life
lasts longer than all those three events, which are crucial,
but there's got to be a deep fun going on as well that survives
all the tragedy."
In some ways I'm looking forward to getting older, getting
past a lot of that stuff.
"I'll tell you, it's a lot to look forward to. It's
really nice. It's kind of like climbing up the slippery
bits out of an ocean and getting up to dry bits, and looking
down into the valley you just crawled from of teeming activity
and agony and sleepless nights and all the awful, well,
wonderful things. Both. It's really nice. You think, wow,
I've been allowed to live long enough to have a look at
what's been going on in my lifetime. It's a great privilege."
I didn't mean to bring up the comfort thing so soon in the
interview. It felt a little creepy somehow;
a little too familial. But what the hell: many of my generation
are at odds with the idea of family, at odds with the media
and government's current idealised view of love and domestic
life, but also unsure about the countercultural values our
own parents might or might not have tried to live up to,
all at sea as to how and when and where we'll find our real
homes and real connections. It is easier to look for the
idea of 'family', of closeness, outside our own, and some
of us find it in music, of course.
If we feel rootless, songs like Robert Wyatts (all at once
steadfast and sharp, yet fragile and ambiguous) give us
some tentative roots. While I am sure he'd laugh, embarrassed,
at such a notion, there are people my age to whom his tremulous,
conversational croon has an oddly mentor-like quality, a
cipher for their own feelings about vulnerability, independence,
where to put themselves in this world.
But lets not get too sentimental here.
This is music we're talking about, and much of the reassuring
quality of Wyatts music derives, paradoxically, from his
removal of himself from the songwriting process and his
ability to set the listener afloat in sound. Even when his
lyrics are heavy on the polemic, there's something sonically
selfless about the way he approaches the idea of
the song, which often emerges from shifting sands of resolved
and unresolved melody as if you've unearthed it yourself.
And this fluidity, this oceanic quality thats reflected
in the timbres he works with, reassures by its assurance
that some things are bigger than you and all you can do
is cast yourself adrift in them.
DOTS AND LOOPS
Really, there's only one thing I came here to ask, and thats
how Robert Wyatt makes such music.
So I do. And he scoots around the room, energised, demonstrating,
sounding out notes on piano, trumpet and voice. "Its
very, very simple how I work. I've got a room here; four
walls like anybody else's and a door going through to where
I make tea. Facing me is a CD player and a cassette recorder.
On the left of the mixer is an eight-track recording machine.
Right in front of me I can look out onto the car park and
watch people driving into town and people driving out. On
my right, I've got a baby grand piano. On the right of that
there's a disused fireplace, and then I'll take you back
to where we started; about a thousand vinyl LPs and some
photos of my wife, including one of her smacking her previous
husband in the face, just as a kind of warning to me. Look
at that! That's actually from a film, two stills. Thats
Alfie when she was a little girl. And thats her now.
"This is where I work I just had to cut music down
to very simple things. There are beats in my stuff, its
just that they're buried. There's a grid, in other words.
I'm very old-fashioned. I want a beat and a tune. There
are two kinds of music really, there's music to dance to
and music to sing. You can have singing music, which has
no beat. You can have dance music which has no tune. The
intriguing exercise which I've embarked on for the last
50 years is to try and combine the two. I think, if I've
made mistakes, I've erred on the side of tune, and let the
beat be buried a bit; like the skeleton of a fish. It's
there, but it doesn't look like a great bony animal.
"Then I work out the piano. About there I can
hit it with my voice" He strikes a key. "Now,
20 years ago I could get up to there, but I can't anymore,
so I have to do all that stuff on something else; trumpet,
or something like that. So, that's notes. Then, I've got
this metronome, which is fantastic;
it's Victorian, I think. Now then, that metronome is
a wonderful thing. It doesn't even rock steady, and there's
a track on the new album where this is the only rhythm section,
the one about 'Hattie in the at tic' [AWOL]. That's all
I used. That's the drumkit.
So, I've got a beat, and the notes, and the trumpet, and
then I've got heaps and heaps of bits of paper with words
on... and I just try and stick them all together, my dear;
that's all I do."
Do you do it every day?
"I play trumpet every day."
Do you write words every day?
"There I hit the buffers, because words and music don't
always fit. The bit where you think about words is a whole
different bit of your brain. It's that lovely transition
zone between words and music that's got some sort of biological
roots in humans. I don't know enough about human biology
to know what the link is".
Is it about finding a balance between what you want to
say and the musical words that will say it?
"Well, I actually think that way round, and I write
more than I sing, because mostly what I write, I write.
That's the form it takes. With music, I don't start with
words; I start with noise, with sound. If it turns into
words then I've struck lucky. You can't force it, though.
"I only make one LP about every five years because
of that. It's not that I only have that many ideas. You've
got to be so lucky. It's like panning for gold: every day
you stick your thing in the water and drag up a bit of mud
and leaf through it. Occasionally you pick something out
and you think, 'Oh, that's really nice. There's a bit of
there'. You put it in your bag to take home, and music's
like that. Fishing about among all the notes and occasionally
one will turn into a word or a phrase, and then you'll take
"Singing and talking aren't the same thing. They absolutely
are not. I remember a dreadful moment at a friend's house
about five years ago. A bloke pulled out his guitar and
Alfie rushed into the kitchen saying, 'Oh no, he's going
to sing a song, it's going to kill the conversation dead!
We're going to have to sit and listen to him now.'
He started singing some ballad and you could see everyone's
metabolism slowing down. It's an awfully cruel thing to
say, but people when they're singing gentle ballads think
they're being gentle, but they're being quite interventionist,
They're forcing you to enter their world.
"It's that kind of ersatz church mode. I much prefer
making records to live gigs now, for that reason, because
I don't want anyone to listen to me when they don't have
to, or don't want to."
So you don't like the idea of reverence...
"I think it's appalling."
Do you still improvise with people?
"Yeah, I do a lot. In fact, even on my records I do.
Most people start with the notes, and the beats, and fix
which ones are going to work and expand on it. I tend to
work backwards in a way. My brain is sort of a cross between
Oxford Circus and a Cecil Taylor concert. Then I just keep
cutting stuff out until I'm left with a followable thread
- reduce it right down to a few words or a few notes. To
me, songwriting is incidental to making music. What I'm
trying to do is make records and I want them to be
complete meals; vitamins, proteins, trace elements, the
lot. "But I always work backwards from chaos into order.
That's really the only thing I do that's totally not jazz
and it's totally... well, I haven't learnt that from anybody.
That's just the way I work."
It's probably an accumulation of all the music you've
"Yes, there's just an overwhelming amount of stuff
that you can't deny or chuck in the bin, and it's irreconcilable
so you just have to let it ferment in your brain, and then
your brain will inevitably because you're only one little
pathetic person - will reduce it down to the things that
work for you and keep pushing everything else away and you're
left with the utter simplicity of a Buddy Holly song - or
you're left back with actually being a kind of folk musician
representing an unknown tribe, of which there may be no
other members! Just your own little one-person tribe."
You know, you've probably summed up there one of the
best reasons I can think of to make music.
The most obvious, and pleasurable, evidence of Wyatt's eschewal
of singer-songwriter egotism is the long-standing relationship
he has with collaborating musicians - from rock notables
like Paul Weller and Brian Eno, to jazz musicians such as
trombonist Annie Whitehead, vocalist Karen Mantler, percussionist
Orphy Robinson and loads more. It's not unusual that an
admired musician should be able to cherry-pick others to
work with them, but Wyatt's collaborative recordings stand
out through giving the impression, always, of real musical
dialogues, necessary and organic. Comicopera marshals
a large cast that feels particularly able to draw Wyatt's
compositions in odd, exuberant and atmospheric directions.
"I've given up working with people I don't like,"
he says. "I used to, because I thought they were really
brilliant or clever, but I can't be bothered with that anymore.
Because in the end, musically it's better - people open
out. There's this illusion that confrontation brings out
stuff that's exciting, like on Big Brother- no it doesn't.
It's sort of all right, but you get further and deeper with
When Wyatt asked singer Seaming To, who provides the soprano
vocal on Comicopera's 'Stay Tuned', to add clarinet, "She
said, 'I haven't played the clarinet for a while', and I
said, 'Look, it's not fucking Mozart, it's just a few notes'.
I thought she did lovely on it. I know I could look through
the Musicians' Union phonebook and get brilliant clarinetists,
but I wanted someone I could connect with as a human being."
I get the impression you're open to people having their
own take on your songs.
" Absolutely. I don't tell them what to play. The buck
stops with me when I'm editing. They know that. So it's
not in that sense a free-for-all. I will take responsibility
for the end result, which is arrogant but also I don't want
them to get the blame for the wrong notes. It's got to stop
somewhere, because when you listen to a record it's partly
for sound, but also for company. You want some kind of coherent
sense of another person in the room when you play a record.
So for better or for worse when you put on one of my records
you're getting me. I get all the help I can to make it sound
Do you feel like you learn a lot
from your collaborators?
"I couldn't do without them. I left school at 16 and
I can't really read music. I rely on people like [saxophonist]
Gilad Atzom and [bassist] Yaron Stavi and Annie Whitehead,
who are fantastically well-schooled musicians, to hear what
I'm doing and make coherent sense of it. I'm not really
Wyatt's most significant collaborator, though, must be his
wife, Alfie. As well as writing a great many of the lyrics
to his songs, her paintings and collages have been the visual
representation of Wyatt's music over the past few decades,
and are almost inseparable from its sound.
Like Wyatt's songs, her designs are deceptively simple,
their bright colours and irregular shapes belying a complex
fluidity. What I regret most about this day spent with both
of them is that I didn't record the conversation Alfie and
I had on our drive back, an exchange about writing, feminism,
war and families - and probably most of all, how lyrics
and music work together. I remember it, though. It was great.
Do you tell her what you want her to do with the artwork?
"I wouldn't say a word. I let her get on with it. She
knows what the songs are about because she wrote half of
them. I know from doing stuff myself I don't need someone
looking over my shoulder. I can get there myself, otherwise
it's not a journey. I don't always know what's going in
Do you ever disagree?
"I never disagree with Alfie."
Some of Benge's most moving lyrics on Comicopera
are those of 'Out Of The Blue', which was provoked by the
Israeli bombing of Lebanon last year. Focusing in on the
domestic, it tries to express the sheer sudden horror of
a house - a simple, safe place - destroyed by an anonymous
enemy. Wyatt's turning to other languages for the remainder
of the album after this is no coincidence.
"It's after the line, 'You have planted everlasting
hatred in my heart'. It follows a woman whose house
has been bombed to bits by some clever dick in an aeroplane
- 'You've come to my door but you've blown it apart, so
you might as well come in through the roof or the ceiling.
You've fucked up my house - fuck you. There's nothing I
can do, I haven't got a bombing aeroplane myself.' What
do you do? What Palestinian women do is they do encourage
their sons to and fight back, but of course that leads to
more tragedy. But at the same time you can't just wipe people
out by bombing them.
"Alfie was reflecting on the cycle of violence, where
you may not intrinsically feel violent, but if great violence
is done to you then one of the responses is to be violent
back, and it's the point at which all these philosophies
about trying to be nice just collapse in the face of that
excessive rape of a soul. And I'm just not clever enough
to know what to do next, so I just sang in foreign languages
and did a bit of free jazz..."
Did you feel like there was nothing you could say?
"I just felt completely ill-equipped to come up with
an appropriate response. So then I do what artists do, which
is drift off into some kind of fairyland. The whole last
section of the record is about trying on different alien
guises: foreign language or a revolutionary rhetoric or
a bit of free jazz, Orphy Robinson on vibes going bonkers,
or surreaiist dream-world stuff. I just turn back to my
original craft, which is to try and make a nice sequence
of notes that don't ignore reality. It sounds so pathetic.
I'm not a wise old man. I can think, I can think, I can
think, and then I just get stuck.
"I can't compete intellectually in words with where
I've got to musically. I do feel like I've got much further...
when I try and catch up with words it's sort of a bit clumsy...
He picks up a weathered-looking brass instrument.
"Annie Whitehead, who plays trombone on the record,
on the fourth track of the album ['AWOL] she plays this.
Alfie got it in a car boot sale. It's got the wrong mouthpiece
on it. It's called a baritone horn. I tried to play it,
but I can't fix the notes! The reason I mention that is
because I said to Annie, 'I'm having trouble with Concert
B - how do you hit that?' And she said, 'Robert, there's
no short cut." Annie's been practising hours a day
for 40 years, and she was politely telling me there were
some things you just can't get to straight away. "
He laughs. There's no short cut to a low Concert B."
FREE WILL AND TESTAMENT
Do people still ask you a lot about your politics?
"It still comes up a lot. The moment I joined the Communist
Party I knew it was something I'd have to deal with for
the rest of my life and it would be a real obstacle for
some people, a point of interest for others or a point of
contempt for others."
How do you feel about it now?
"I'm always nervous about sounding like Cliff Richard
talking about his Christianity, but it's just that I personally
have found a way of understanding the world that makes sense
to me and I get more sheer intelligence - applicable ways
of looking at the world -than I do from Marxists than I
do from religion as the world is commonly used. I do see
the power shifts and politics in the world in terms of military
and economic power. Not in terms of an answer, but just
an understanding of the process as we're living through
it. That's all I'd say about it."
Would you say all your music is political?
"I would go further than that. I would say I'm more
consistently a political animal than I am a musical one.
In other words, who I am and the privileges I have come
from political reality. And the fact that I've chosen to
be a musician out of the various occupations I could do
is sort of secondary, actually, to me. I love music. But
I did anyway, long before I was a musician. As a teenager,
music saved my life. But as a teenager I thought I'd be
" Thank god for rock music for one thing: that it went
back to basics. Rock music is about a return to folk music.
You don't have to know anything. You just have to get an
instrument in your hand that plays a note, and sing, and
anyone can do it.
"I started out from there. I was really grateful, because
in the Fifties when I was listening to jazz or Stravinsky
or something, it didn't occur to me that I'd ever be able
to play it. There's no short cut to that stuff. But with
rock'n'roll there is a short cut - you just sort
of... do it. So that's what I latched onto. First of all,
it wasn't very philosophical, it was more like, how do you
get to dances, and one way was being the drummer. So that
sort of thing - very simple."
Is it still very simple?
"It has to be. Any information I get, I try to take
it all on, but in terms of processing it, I have to reduce
everything back to all those teenage things - is there a
beat somewhere, is there a tune somewhere? That sort of
"Are you hungry? You must be hungry."